David Graeber, 2018
Penguin Books, 2019
The polling agency YouGov took upon itself to test the hypothesis
and conducted a poll of Britons
using language taken directly from the essay: for example,
Does your job
“make a meaningful contribution to the world?”
Astoninshingly, more than a third—37 percent—
said they believed that it did not (whereas 50 percent said
it did, and 13 percent were uncertain).
While neoliberal rethoric was always about
unleashing the magic of the marketplace
and placing economic efficiency over all other values,
the overall effect of free market policies has been
that rates of economic growth has slowed pretty much everywhere
except India and China; scientific and technological advance
has stagnated; and in most wealthy countries,
the younger generations can, for the first time in centuries,
expect to live less prosperous lives than their parents did.
It is less a conspiracy theory approach than it is
an anticonspiracy theory.
I was asking why action wasn't taken. [...]
The proliferation of bullshit jobs, as we will see, happened
for a variety of reasons. The real question I was asking
was why no one intervened (“conspired”, if you like)
to do something about the matter.
We have become a civilization based on work—not
even “productive work” but work as an end
and meaning in itself.
Chapter 5 Why Are Bullshit Jobs Proliferating?
why the financial industry might be considered
a paradigm for bullshit job creation
Flunky positions are created because
those in powerful positions in an organization
see underlings as badges of prestige;
goons are hired due to a dynamic of one-upmanship
(if our rivals employ a top law firm, then so, too, must we);
duct-taper positions are created
because sometimes organizations find it more difficult
to fix a problem than to deal with its consequences;
box-ticker positions exist because,
within large organizations,
paperwork attesting the fact
that certain actions have been taken
often come to be seen as more important than the actions themselves;
taskmasters exist largely as side effects
of various forms of impersonal authority.
Chapter 6 Why Do We as a Society Not Object to the Growth
of Pointless Employment?
how over the course of the twentieth century,
work came to be increasingly valued primarily
as a form of discipline and self-sacrifice
However this may be, the "Gospel of Wealth" counteroffensive
has been successful, and the captains of industry,
first in America, then increasingly everywhere,
have been able to convince the public that they,
and not those they employ, are the real creators of prosperity.
Le droit à la paresse,
Sat Nov 13 07:47:37 2021